The global shift towards sustainable transportation has accelerated the growth of electric vehicles around the world, and India is no exception. As the second-most populous country with a rapidly growing middle class and increasing environmental concerns, India has emerged as a significant market for electric vehicles.
One crucial component of an electric vehicle is its motor, which propels the vehicle using electrical energy. In this article, we will explore the electric vehicle motor manufacturers in India and the details of the industry that is spearheading the transition to sustainable mobility.
List of Electric Vehicle Motor Manufacturers in India
Let’s look into the list of a few major electric vehicle motor manufacturers in India. Some of these manufacturers use the motors exclusively in their electric vehicles and do not sell them in the market.
#1. Mahindra Electric Mobility Limited
Mahindra Electric, a part of the Mahindra Group, is a leading player in the electric vehicle market in India. Along with the IC engine vehicles they specialize in producing electric vehicle motors and power electronics systems as well.
Mahindra Electric has developed various motor technologies, including permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSM) and switched reluctance motors (SRM).
Their motors are known for their efficiency, reliability, and compatibility with a wide range of electric vehicles.
These motors deliver high torque and efficiency, making them suitable for various electric vehicle applications. Mahindra Electric motors are known for their reliability, compact design, and compatibility with a wide range of electric vehicles.
#2. Tata Motors
Tata Motors, one of India’s largest automobile manufacturers, has made significant strides in the electric vehicle segment. Their subsidiary, Tata Motors Electric Mobility, focuses on the development and production of electric vehicle motors.
Tata Motors offers electric motors with varying power outputs to cater to different vehicle segments, including passenger cars, commercial vehicles, and buses.
The company has also invested in the research and development of advanced motor technologies to enhance the performance and range of their electric vehicles.
It has implemented the ZIPTRON technology in its electric cars to improve the efficiency and performance of the vehicles.
#3. Bosch Limited
Bosch Limited, a subsidiary of the globally renowned Bosch Group, is a prominent supplier of electric vehicle motors in India. They specialize in manufacturing high-performance electric motors, motor controllers, and related components.
Bosch motors are known for their efficiency, compact size, and robust design. The company’s extensive experience in the automotive industry ensures that their motors meet the stringent quality and reliability standards required for electric vehicles.
#4. Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)
BHEL, a renowned government-owned engineering and manufacturing company, has ventured into the electric vehicle motor manufacturing space.
Leveraging their expertise in power generation and electrical equipment, BHEL has developed electric motors suitable for various electric vehicle applications. Their motors are designed to deliver high torque and efficiency while maintaining durability and reliability.
BHEL’s entry into the electric vehicle motor market highlights the commitment of Indian public sector enterprises towards sustainable development.
Also, BHEL’s electric vehicle motors leverage the company’s experience in power generation and electrical equipment. The motors are built to withstand challenging operating conditions while ensuring optimal performance for electric vehicles.
#5. UQM Technologies India
UQM Technologies India, a subsidiary of UQM Technologies Inc. (USA), is a leading provider of electric motors for electric vehicles in India. They offer a range of motors that are optimized for different vehicle types, including passenger cars, two-wheelers, and light commercial vehicles.
UQM motors are known for their high-power density, compact size, and excellent thermal management capabilities. The company’s collaboration with Indian automotive manufacturers has contributed to the adoption of electric vehicles in the country.
#6. Tork Motors
Tork Motors is an Indian startup that specializes in electric vehicle motor manufacturing. They have gained recognition for their high-performance electric motors designed specifically for electric motorcycles.
Tork Motors has developed indigenous motor technologies that provide exceptional acceleration, range, and efficiency. Their motors have garnered attention for their contribution to the advancement of electric two-wheelers in India.
#7. ABB India
Asea Brown Boveri (ABB) is a Switzerland based multinational company and they manufacture electric motors for electric vehicles.
According to the company the key features of ABB motors are the following:
- Configurable lengths, windings, and voltages to get the needed motor performance.
- High torque capability for excellent productivity and responsiveness.
- Designed for tough environments and to tolerate high shock loads and vibration levels, and wide ambient temperature ranges.
- Enclosure protection (IP) ratings to meet all moisture and dirt resistance needs.
- Long product life expectancy assured by extensive testing and advanced simulations.
#8. Delta Electronics India
Delta Electronics India is a subsidiary of Delta Electronics, one of the global leaders in power and thermal management solutions. They manufacture electric vehicle motors as well.
Delta Electronics develops BLDC motor products for applications that require highest stable quality and consistent performance.
They claim that their BLDC motors provide excellent efficiency, reliability and quality to help the products stand out from market competition.
#9. Bharat Bijlee
Bharat Bijlee is one of the leading electric motor manufacturers in India. They have been manufacturing electric motors since 1946.
The company offer a comprehensive range of highly reliable and energy efficient 3 Phase AC Electrical Rotating Machine ranging from 0.12 kW to 1250 kW.
#10. Lucas TVS
Lucas TVS is a leading automotive electrical systems manufacturer in India, and they have been manufacturing electric vehicle motors since 2014.
The company manufactures PMSM and BLDC motors and their controllers. Along with the components they have launched electric vehicles also.
The range of the vehicles include the TVS iQube Electric and the TVS Jupiter Electric.
#11. Kirloskar Electric Company Ltd
Kirloskar Electric Company Ltd. is one of the leading electrical engineering companies in India. They manufacture motors, DG sets, swithgear, etc.
The company manufactures both AC and DC traction motors.
#12. Saggu Electrical Industries
Saggu Electrical Industries was established in the year 1982 to manufacture and supply high performance Electrical Motors. The company market their products under the registered Trade Mark of SAMSON.
The main products from the company are FHP motors, Single Phase motors, Three Phase motors, Gear motors, Loom motors etc.
#13 Laxmi Hydraulics Pvt. Ltd.
LHP is one of India’s largest manufacturers of electric motors, gear motors and gearboxes. You can find a large variety of electric motor for various applications from the company.
MATEL is a Pune based electric power train solutions company. They geared up with its advanced technology in powertrains, which offers high energy efficiency and reliability across Industries.
MATEL develops Electric Mobility products with differentiated performance based on the unique intelligent Powertrain technology named ‘I Powertrain’
Electric Vehicle Motors in India: Sources of Raw Materials
Now, let us see how the Raw materials are sourced for manufacturing Electric vehicle motor manufacturing in India.
The manufacturing of electric vehicle motors in India requires various raw materials that play a crucial role in the production process. Here are some of the key raw materials and their sources for electric vehicle motor manufacturers in India:
Copper is a vital component in electric vehicle motors, primarily used in the winding of motor coils. India relies on both domestic and imported sources for copper.
Domestically, copper is mined and extracted from copper mines located in states like Rajasthan, Jharkhand, and Madhya Pradesh. Additionally, India imports copper from countries like Chile, Australia, and Zambia.
Aluminium is another important raw material used in electric vehicle motors, particularly for motor housings and heat dissipation components.
Aluminium can be sourced from domestic bauxite reserves, which are primarily located in states such as Odisha, Gujarat, and Maharashtra. India also imports aluminium and its alloys from countries like China, the United Arab Emirates, and Australia.
Steel is utilised in the manufacturing of motor components, such as shafts and rotors, due to its strength and durability. India has a robust steel industry and can source steel from domestic steel plants located in states like Odisha, West Bengal, and Chhattisgarh.
Additionally, steel can be imported from countries such as China, Japan, and South Korea.
#4. Rare Earth Elements (REEs)
Rare Earth Elements, including neodymium, dysprosium, and praseodymium, are crucial for producing permanent magnet materials used in electric vehicle motors. These materials provide the necessary magnetic properties for efficient motor operation.
Currently, India primarily relies on imports for rare earth elements, with China being a significant global supplier. However, efforts are being made to develop domestic sources of rare earth elements to reduce dependency on imports.
#5. Electrical Steel
Electrical steel, also known as silicon steel, is used in the production of motor cores to minimise energy losses through eddy currents. India imports electrical steel from countries like China, Japan, South Korea, and Germany.
However, there are ongoing efforts to enhance domestic production capabilities and establish local electrical steel manufacturing plants in India.
#6. Permanent Magnets
Permanent magnets, such as neodymium-iron-boron (NdFeB) magnets, are critical for electric vehicle motors. NdFeB magnets are sourced from countries like China, which is a major global supplier.
However, India is also exploring options to establish domestic production capabilities for permanent magnets to reduce reliance on imports.
#7. Other Components
In addition to the above materials, electric vehicle motor manufacturers require various other components such as bearings, insulation materials, coatings, and adhesives.
These components can be sourced from both domestic manufacturers and international suppliers.
While India aims to strengthen its domestic production capabilities, it currently relies on imports to meet the growing demand for electric vehicle motors.
However, efforts are being made to promote domestic sourcing and production of raw materials to support the sustainable growth of the electric vehicle industry in the country.
Let us look at some of the common questions regarding Electric vehicle Motors.
Electric Vehicle Motors in India: Common Questions Answered
As electric vehicles (EVs) gain popularity in India, there is a growing curiosity and interest surrounding the electric vehicle motors that power these vehicles. Here are some common questions about electric vehicle motors in India, along with their answers:
#1. What types of electric vehicle motors are commonly used in India?
In India, the most commonly used electric vehicle motors are Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors (PMSM) and Switched Reluctance Motors (SRM).
PMSM motors offer high power density, efficiency, and excellent torque characteristics, making them suitable for a wide range of electric vehicles.
SRM motors, on the other hand, are known for their simplicity, reliability, and cost-effectiveness, making them popular in certain segments such as two-wheelers and commercial vehicles.
#2. How efficient are electric vehicle motors in India?
Electric vehicle motors in India have high efficiency compared to internal combustion engines. On average, electric vehicle motors in India have an efficiency rating of 85% to 95%.
This means that a significant portion of the electrical energy from the battery is converted into mechanical energy to propel the vehicle, resulting in reduced energy waste and improved overall efficiency.
#3. What is the power output of electric vehicle motors in India?
The power output of electric vehicle motors in India varies depending on the vehicle type and application. For passenger cars, the power output typically ranges from 50 kW to 150 kW.
Commercial vehicles, such as buses and trucks, may have higher power outputs ranging from 150 kW to 300 kW or more. Electric motorcycles and scooters usually have lower power outputs, typically ranging from 3 kW to 10 kW.
#4. Are electric vehicle motors in India reliable and durable?
Electric vehicle motors manufactured by reputable companies in India are designed to be reliable and durable. These motors undergo rigorous testing and adhere to international quality standards.
They are built to withstand the demands of daily usage and challenging operating conditions. Additionally, the simplicity of electric vehicle motors compared to internal combustion engines contributes to their overall reliability and durability.
#5. Can electric vehicle motors be repaired or serviced in India?
Yes, electric vehicle motors can be repaired and serviced in India. Manufacturers and authorized service centers offer maintenance and repair services for electric vehicle motors.
It is important to ensure that repairs and servicing are carried out by trained professionals who have expertise in electric vehicle motor systems to maintain the motor’s performance and reliability.
The growth of electric vehicles in India is driving the demand for electric vehicle motors, and several manufacturers are rising to meet this challenge.
These manufacturers are investing in research and development to improve motor efficiency, range, and performance, thus accelerating the adoption of sustainable mobility in the country.
With their innovative technologies and commitment to environmental sustainability, electric vehicle motor manufacturing in India is playing a vital role in shaping the future of transportation.