As time goes by, electric cars are becoming more sought after than gas-powered vehicles. One of the many reasons is that they are much cheaper than gas-powered vehicles.
With the increase in demands, there is little knowledge of how to maintain them properly. Because unlike gas-powered vehicles, electric vehicles (EVs) do not require internal combustion engines to work. Like dash cams, electric cars are one of the inventions marketed to provide more convenience. And to do that, we require the correct information to acquire all its benefits.
How long do EV batteries last?
EVs operate with electric motors and rechargeable batteries. The batteries can last up to two hundred thousand to five hundred thousand miles, which is higher than a gas-powered battery, and eight to ten years of battery life, while some can last longer.
By following these simple tips below, you can ensure your EV batteries last for as long as it’s allowed.
#1 Only charge the battery to 80 percent
It might bring your mind at ease to see the battery at 100 percent, but this isn’t a good thing for a car battery because most electric cars operate with lithium-ion batteries. These do not need to be fully charged because a high voltage will stress the battery and reduce the charging rate drastically.
Eighty percent is a good target since most individuals can manage daily tasks within this range.
#2 Limit exposure to extremely hot temperatures, especially when parked
Lithium-ion batteries can operate between -20° to 60° celsius. But the battery life is at its best when the temperature is between 10° to 30° celsius. Additionally, exposure to extreme heat is where dangers can occur. Prolonged exposure can result in battery leakage, short circuits, and, eventually, motor failure.
A thermostat controlled by an automated system is instilled within some EV cars. When exposed to heat, the thermostat will drain its battery to ensure the temperature stays low for optimal efficiency. But this function only works when the car is in motion. So it is advisable to park your EV in the shade.
#3 Avoid discharging your EV batteries to below twenty percent
Your battery should be kept between 20 to 80 percent for optimized battery life. Letting it go to 0 percent will not be suitable for the battery’s long-term health.
You can charge it when the battery is at 20 or every three months, whichever comes first. It’s advisable to check how much it’s charged every month. Some electric cars give out an app that allows you to check how much the vehicle is charged and even instructs you when the car needs to be charged.
#4 Use the original charger
EV car manufacturers advise using the original chargers. And although a third-party charger is tempting to buy because they are cheaper and more readily available, it could cause risks and malfunctions.
#5 Avoid dropping or knocking the battery
Electric car batteries are designed to withstand impact, but repeatedly dropping or knocking them will cause severe damage, reduce their lifespan, and render them useless. Additionally, damaging it would cause it to leak and expose you to harmful chemicals. If this happens, it is crucial to take the battery to a qualified technician to repair it.
#6 Avoid using fast charging
As the name goes, fast charging allows the EV battery to charge much quicker than its standard charging time. This may sound very appealing for electric car owners, but it isn’t good for the battery’s health. Fast charging releases too much electricity into the batteries in a short amount of time, which will strain the battery life and deteriorate it faster than it is supposed to. Using the standard charger, you would get 10 percent more battery life as compared to a year of fast charging.
#7 Avoid charging the battery immediately after driving
The EV battery becomes hot when driving the electric car. It is advisable to charge the battery when it cools down for the best results. Hence, give it 30 minutes after riding before charging it again.
Electric cars are becoming a new trend. More people are buying it for its environmental impact and price benefits. And while it is cheaper, maintenance is essential. EV cars mostly use lithium-ion batteries, which are pretty standard in a variety of devices, including cell phones. So, it has some of the same requirements needed to maintain it, like not overheating, keeping it charged around 20 to 80 percent, and avoiding damaging the battery. Along with more information that can help keep your battery life running for a long time.